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Hanabi Guide 101: How to Plan and What to Wear to Enjoy the Summer Fireworks

Hanabi, or "fireworks" is a beloved summer tradition in Japan, with fireworks festivals almost every weekend, and each display more spectacular than the last.



Meiji Jingu Gaien Fireworks Festival | © JINGU-HANABI

Hanabi festivals trace their roots back to ancient Japan. They were held as sacred rituals to honor and appease the spirits of ancestors. These spiritual displays were also believed to protect the living from evil forces and bring blessings to the community. 

Over the centuries, the rituals evolved into grand celebrations. Now they are integral parts of local festivals and mark significant events throughout the year. Yet even today Hanabi festivals continue to carry a sense of reverence and respect for tradition, connecting modern generations with their ancestral roots.

Understanding the Significance of Hanabi

At the heart of Hanabi lies the quintessential Japanese concept of mono no aware. It is often translated as "the beauty of transience" or "the pathos of things." This notion embraces the impermanence of life, recognizing that all things, including beauty and joy, are fleeting. 

As the fireworks soar gracefully into the night sky, only to vanish moments later, they serve as a poignant metaphor for the transitory nature of existence. 

Hanabi festivals invite people to cherish and savor these fleeting moments, recognizing the profound beauty that arises from the knowledge of their impermanence.

What Types of Hanabi?

Each Hanabi display is a meticulously choreographed performance, showcasing various firework types and designs. Understanding some of the basic Hanabi terms can deepen your appreciation for the artistry behind the show.

Star Mines スターマイン:

Star Mines スターマイン

Providing a stunning display of light and color, Star Mines creates intricate patterns in the night sky. Their clusters burst open simultaneously, scattering stars in various directions. Some star mines form geometric shapes, while others take the form of blooming flowers.

Chrysanthemums 菊先:

Chrysanthemums 菊先

Named after the revered Japanese flower, chrysanthemum fireworks feature a spherical burst of stars that radiate outward, resembling the delicate petals of the flower. These fireworks are also characterized by their large size and are often used as the grand finale of Hanabi displays. They fill the sky with a breathtaking display of floral beauty.

Peony 牡丹:

Peonies 牡丹

Similar to chrysanthemums, peony fireworks are also renowned for their stunning visual impact. They burst into large spherical shapes, much like the peony flower in full bloom. 

Willow 柳:

Willow 柳

As the name suggests, willow tree fireworks imitate the graceful branches of a willow tree. The stars in these fireworks fall gently and elegantly, resembling the cascading branches of a weeping willow.

Niagara ナイアガラ:

Niagara ナイアガラ
Niagara ナイアガラ

Stunning Niagara Falls fireworks are a sight to behold. They mimic the majestic cascades of the famous waterfall. Moreover, these firework varieties create a continuous, flowing effect, with stars gently streaming down, creating the illusion of a luminous waterfall in the night sky.

Kamuro 冠菊:

Kamuro 冠菊

These fireworks are known for their glittering effect. When these fireworks burst open, they release a shower of small stars that shimmer and sparkle like glitter. 

Planning Ahead

The first step in enjoying Hanabi festivals around Tokyo is to plan ahead. Check the local event schedules and mark the dates for your desired festivals. 

As these festivals attract large crowds, arriving early is crucial to secure the best viewing spots. Additionally, confirm the transportation options to and from the event locations, and be prepared for some walking as parking can be limited.

Rent a Yukata

Wearing a yukata is another way to fully immerse yourself in the Hanabi festival experience. 


The Yukata, a traditional Japanese summer garment made of lightweight cotton, is an integral part of Hanabi festivals. Originating from the more formal kimono, yukatas are cooler and easier to wear during the hot summer months. 

They come in a variety of colors and patterns and can be rented or purchased at many shops in Tokyo.

Picnic Essentials

One of the most enjoyable ways to experience Hanabi festivals is by having a picnic under the starlit sky. Prepare a delicious assortment of Japanese snacks along with refreshing beverages like green tea or cold beer. 

屋台 Food Stalls

Food stalls offer a variety of traditional Japanese dishes and snacks, such as yakitori (grilled chicken skewers), takoyaki (octopus balls), and kakigori (shaved ice). 

Blankets, cushions, and folding chairs will add to your comfort while waiting for the grand spectacle to begin.

Mind the Train Schedule

As many Hanabi festivals conclude late at night, make sure to check the train schedule in advance to avoid getting stranded. Missing the last train can put a damper on an otherwise fantastic evening.

Before the fireworks show even begins, it's essential to plan your exit strategy. Identify the nearest train station to the Hanabi festival venue and acquaint yourself with the train schedules. 

Many festivals provide information on the last train timings, so keep an eye on the clock to make sure you get your ride home.

Expect long queues and crowded platforms. To beat the crowds, consider leaving the Hanabi festival earlier than the official end time. 

While it may mean missing a few fireworks, it can save you from being caught in the midst of the train rush. 

Upcoming Hanabi Festivals Around Tokyo

Itabashi Fireworks Festival (August 5)

Itabashi Fireworks Festival | © Itabashi Tourist Association

The Itabashi Fireworks Festival features a total of 13,000 fireworks, including the biggest single firework in Tokyo. 

You’ll also see many other types of fireworks, including artistic ones that have been made by Japan’s top pyrotechnicians. The 700-meter-long Niagara Falls-themed display is among the largest of its kind in the Kanto region.

Furthermore, these fireworks are launched close to the viewing area so you can feel their impact. Learn more about getting there on the event's website. For an additional fee, reserved seating is also available.


Edogawa Fireworks Festival (August 5)

Edogawa Fireworks Festival | © Edogawa city

The Edogawa Fireworks Festival is an annual event that takes place on the banks of the Edogawa River near Shinozaki Park.

This festival is ranked as one of the Top 5 in Tokyo and features over 14,000 rockets, with different themes every few minutes.

The show starts in style with 1,000 sparkling rockets shot up at once within the first five seconds, marking a breathtaking start into a colorful performance. 

Meiji Jingu Gaien Fireworks Festival (August 12)

Meiji Jingu Gaien Fireworks Festival | © JINGU-HANABI

There is also the Meiji Jingu Gaien Fireworks Festival is an annual event that takes place in Meiji Jingu Gaien, Tokyo. 

This festival, inside the circular JR Yamanote Line, is the only urban fireworks display with a musical concert in Tokyo. 

There will be approximately 10,000 fireworks launched into the evening sky, along with performances from up-and-coming and well-established artists.

Okutama Nohryo Fireworks Festival (August 12)

Okutama Nohryo Fireworks Festival | © Okutama Town

The Okutama Nohryo Fireworks Festival is an annual event that takes place in the verdant town of Okutama.

Around 800 fireworks offer a stunning showcase of artistic pyrotechnics, illuminating the mountains and echoing through the landscape. 

You can also enjoy Okutama's local traditions, like Mikoshi (portable shrines) and shishimai performance (lion dance). These are featured heavily in the annual festivals of the town.


Author: Shaun Fernando

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