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Coronavirus

To Counter China’s Manipulation of Public Opinion, Japan Should Invest in Global Engagement

Yoshinari Kurose

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Needless to say, in the battle to triumph over the novel coronavirus, an invisible enemy which has grown into a global pandemic, the timely and honest sharing by all nations of data they have about the virus has taken on life-or-death importance.

 

However, even as the world faces this unprecedented crisis, there are regimes which refuse to act in accordance with this accepted wisdom. Their ranks include China, the country where the novel coronavirus originated; Russia, which the administration of United States President Donald Trump has designated as a strategic competitor, along with China; and Iran, which is at odds with Washington over nuclear issues.

 

 

Ludicrous Conspiracy Theories

 

These three countries have not only been hiding and falsifying vital information about the spread of the virus, they have also been seeking to take advantage of the crisis to undermine international trust in the United States. To that end, they have been coordinating efforts in a worldwide disinformation campaign.  [Related StoryChina’s Sverdlovsk is a Wakeup Call to Japan and the World]

 

China, Russia, and Iran have been spreading absurd conspiracy theories, such as that the U.S. military brought the novel coronavirus to the city of Wuhan in China’s Hubei province, or that the novel coronavirus is a U.S. bioweapon.

 

In response, the U.S. government established a specialized organization tasked with the mission of monitoring and analyzing such disinformation operations by adversaries so that they can be exposed to the public. This is the State Department’s Global Engagement Center (GEC).

 

According to a former high-ranking U.S. official familiar with the inner workings of the State Department, the GEC was established in April 2016 as a successor to the Center for Strategic Counterterrorism Communications. In turn, the CSCC was set up in 2011 under the State Department’s Undersecretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs to counter internet propaganda operations by Islamic extremist groups.

 

Since 2017, a special office within the GEC has had the mission of countering the adverse effects of state-sponsored propaganda and disinformation efforts by China, Russia, and Iran.  [Related Story: HISTORY WARS] Thwarting Confucius Institute’s Role as China’s Sharp Power Has Just Begun]

 

 

Spread by Social Media

 

Currently serving as GEC’s special envoy and coordinator is Lea Gabrielle, 45, a woman with an unusual personal history. A graduate of the United States Naval Academy, Gabrielle served as a Navy FA-18/C fighter pilot for several years, among other things. She was a defense foreign liaison officer and an intelligence officer in Afghanistan. Later she became a TV journalist, working for Fox News and other broadcasters. She was appointed to her State Department position in February 2019.

 

Gabrielle told a special press briefing on March 27 that China had gone all out in an “effort to turn the crisis into a news story highlighting [the] supremacy of the Chinese Communist Party in handling the health crisis.”

 

She pointed to how China had employed social media to disseminate positive messages about its performance during the coronavirus crises to the Western Hemisphere, the African continent, and countries like Italy.

 

She said analysis had shown China was focusing on four prominent narratives: 

  • China’s successful containment of the virus
  • Its calls for international collaboration
  • The World Health Organization’s praise of China
  • China’s economic resilience

 

 

Japan Needs Its Own GEC

 

China apparently made the tactical switch to focus on propaganda designed to improve its image after its earlier attempts to peddle the theory that the coronavirus originated from the United States, and to orchestrate outrage at how labeling the coronavirus as a “Chinese virus” constituted racism, fell flat in terms of public opinion.

 

The entire world is still urgently struggling to control the coronavirus. It is unavoidable under the circumstances that inquiries into such things as how the virus originated in China, and who was responsible for the information coverup when the virus was still in its early stages, need to be put off until later.  [Related StoryBiological Weapons the Focus of China’s Military Research in the Last 20 Years]

 

Nevertheless, in the meantime, we cannot let Beijing enjoy carte blanche in its self-serving efforts to shape international public opinion.

 

At the same time, Japan needs to wake up to the fact that China’s disinformation efforts go beyond the issue of the novel coronavirus and constitute an ever present threat.

 

That being so, the time has come for us to consider establishing a specialized agency dedicated to countering Chinese propaganda and disinformation — in other words, a “Japanese GEC.”

 

(Click here for access to the original article in Japanese.)

 

Author: Yoshinari Kurose, Sankei Shimbun Washington D.C. Bureau Chief

 


Yoshinari "Yoshi" Kurose, a journalist specialized in international security and foreign affairs, is Washington DC Bureau Chief of The Sankei Shimbun. As a newspaper reporter, he has spent much of his career as a foreign correspondent. Previously posted in New Delhi, India (1997~2000) and Jakarta, Indonesia (2002~2006) as Bureau chief of The Yomiuri Shimbun, he covered extensively on South Asia and South East Asia regional security issues in the field, including violent extremism in both regions. As a student of American studies, also had served as a DC correspondent for The Yomiuri Shimbun from 2008 to 2012, before taking up present position in The Sankei Shimbun in 2017. A graduate of Keio Gijuku University in Japan, he holds bachelor’s degree in both political science and journalism.